Good English

Literary devices:

Anaphora

repetition at the start of a sentence for emphasis –My life is my purpose. My life is my goal. My life is my inspiration”

Epiphora

Repetition at the end of clauses

 

Assonance

Two or more words close to one another repeat the same vowel sound but start with different consonant sounds – ”men sell the wedding bells”. Words do share the same vowel sounds but start with different consonant sounds, unlike alliteration that involves the repetition of the same consonant sounds. Another example: we light fire on the mountain”, go and mow the lawn”

Alliteration

Same consonant sound at the beginning of adjacent words: A big black bug. Alliteration is a special case of consonance where repetition occurs at the stressed part of words. It does not depend on letters but on sounds. ”Not knotty” is alliterative. ”Cigarette Chase” is not. It aids memory by being catchy.

Consonance

Both alliteration and consonance make use of the repetition of consonant sound in words that are close to one another . . In consonance the repeated sound can appear anywhere in the word – ”All‘ s well that ends well”, ”a blessing in disguise

Synecdoche

The part represents the whole or the whole represents a part – calling a car ”wheels”.

Metonymy

The word we use to describe  another thing is closely linked to that particular thing, but is not necessarily a part of it  – ”crown” that refers to power; used to replace ”king”. Crown which means power/authority. Another example: ”let me give you a hand” – hand means ”help”

Personification

Inanimate objects portrayed as having human traits

Transitions

Words/phrases that provide a connection between ideas/sentences/paragraphs. Makes it flow better, and prevents the reader from getting lost – for example, ”another key point…”

Poor English:

Malapropism

A word is substituted with another word that sounds similar but means something entirely different

Redundancies

Two or more words that say the same thing : For example ”in actual fact”, ”free gifts”, ”foreign imports” – needless repetition

My Grammarian introduction speech for Toastmaster template

” My role as Grammarian has 3 parts. Firstly I will be noting down any creative, descriptive, and picturesque uses of language. I will be listening out for alliteration, metaphor, simile, and interesting words that help to keep the listener interested and engaged. I will also listen out for sentences that use the rule of three  as a way of emphasising key information. Secondly I will be listening out for any distracting verbal detritus, for example ums, ahs, so, and colloquialisms such as ‘you know’, where it would be more effective to leave a pause. I will also note down any incorrect grammar and word usage in general. Thirdly and finally it is part of my role as grammarian to introduce a word of the day. Today’s word is deleterious….Try and use the word deleterious in today’s meeting. I will be noting down who uses the word of the day, and this will form part of my report at the end of the meeting”

 

 

 

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